Mezard, indigenous conflict resolution mechanism in northern Ethiopia: Assessing rural alamata woreda, Tigray regional state, Ethiopia

This book is dealt with Mezard institution which seems to be characterized as a democratic institution at least apparently. In the real sense however, it lacks an inherently full-fledged democratic element. In fact it appears to encourage participation of the public in general, but excluding the youth and the women to participate throughout the process and in election of the elders who can handle the existing conflicts. Moreover, based on the study conducted in the area, this book indicates that the Mezard system is cost effective way of adjudicating cases.   Auszug aus dem Text Text Sample: CHAPTER 4, RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS: Mezard Institution of Conflict Resolution in Rural Alamata Woreda: This chapter briefly identifies the Mezard indigenous conflict resolution in rural Alamata with focus on Mezard institution. It mainly emphasizes the source of conflicts, the institutional development of Mezard the mechanism of indigenous conflict resolution, conflict preventive institutions, the jurisdiction of the institution, the process of addressing murder case in Mezard, enforceability, sustainability of the institution, the relationship between Mezard and formal court as well as strengths and weaknesses of the institution. 4.1, Sources and Type of Conflicts in Rural Alamata woreda: As the researcher has observed the rural Alamata woreda is an area which has a population which is engaged predominantly in agricultural activity as most of Ethiopian population with some activity of irrigation together with cattle breeding. This agro-pastoralist population has a strong coherence among themselves, because they are intertwined by several socio-cultural activities and practices which scale up their unity and coherence. Above all they give due emphasis and respect to their indigenous institutions or Wonzs which contribute for the peaceful resolution of conflicts. Conflicts may exist between individuals, families or between groups stemming from misunderstanding or verbal abuse to physical violence including death of parties to the conflict (Francis, 2006). These conflicts can be managed or resolved through various systems, for example, through dialogue or discussion. Hence, various indigenous practices or resolution methods provide in different laws, regulations and rules of institutions, are helpful for settling conflicts. According to the data gained through interview from the household elders in the study area, there are so many sources of conflicts that emanate from various perspectives. For instance, individuals conflict may stem from his/ her motivation to power like the need to be village head man, between group from need of resources like the rights to water or to pasture or boundaries, possession land, demand for resources (like water, grazing land, etc) which means scarcity of resources are usually reasons of conflicts. Thus these varieties of sources give rise to a conflict to happen, and contributes to socio-economic problems in the