A New Arena Of Research In Microbial Genetics

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A New Arena Of Research In Microbial Genetics
Microbial Genetics is in simple terms Genetics of Microorganisms. Microorganisms
were not on the focus until the long time, and the reason is that geneticists thought
they were very small, and they needed genes from different organisms to be mixed
to sexual y reproduce. All this changed when the physical and physiological traits of
microorganisms were discovered and found to be of great interest. They also
sexually reproduce very quickly compared to the larger organisms. Geneticists then
were so focused on the microbes and Bacteria became a key model in microbial
Genetics.
Scientists used Bacteria to discover many different traits of interest, and it became
the fundamental basics for Cloning Technology. Viral Genetics is another important
part of Microbial genetics.First Viruses to be elucidated were the viruses that
attacked the bacteria. Virus genetics leads the way to the discovery that these
viruses can be used as the agents to deliver the modified genes into the hosts,
known as DNA vectors. Plants and animals including humans were applied on virus
genetics.
Bacterial Genetics
Bacterial genetics is a branch of genetics that a little different from eukaryotic
genetics. The difference comes from the fact that bacteria lacks membrane-bound

organs. In spite of this difference, bacterial genetics forms an important model in the
study of genetics of animals. Bacteria are like many other organisms. They do
reproduce true and have similar characteristics from one generation to another.
Though it was realised that bacteria is also an organism that is hereditary in
reproduction and other traits, it was realised that bacteria also follows the laws of
genetics. In 1877, one known as Nagel i took the credits for finding that a certain few
species maintained a constant form and also function over successive generations,
through techniques of pure culture. This was when it was discovered that they had a
protein capacity to variation. This discovery further led to the study of
Monomorphism.
Viral Genetics
Genetics on viruses is an important part of Microbial genetics. Viruses, as a process
of their reproduction cycle, after entering a host cell releases their DNA into them for
multiplication. Geneticists, then realised that this nature of viruses can be used in
gene therapy. So, by removing the viral DNA and replacing it with the therapeutic
DNA, the virus can then be introduced to a host and the therapeutic DNA will be
introduced into the host cel . This process gives the name virus vector. It is serving
as a vehicle that carries the therapeutic gene to the patient cells. Many viruses such
as herpes simplex virus, pox virus, adenovirus etc., have been used on gene
therapy.
Research on Microbial Genetics
Many researches have been conducted even today on Microbial genetics. In 2006,
a team lead by MBARI researcher Chris Preston started a research on identifying
microbes under the deep sea. They wanted to find various gene mutations and
biochemical modifications that these microbes use to survive under the deep sea.
Although some marine microbes were studied previously, their research led to
discovering many new microbes in the sea. They want to lead this research into
identifying possible microbial gene modifications and their multitude of possibilities in
using them for good in larger organisms. A recent research team have found that

marine microbes can obtain energy from the sun by photosynthesis. Many more
discoveries like that, and no wonder we would live in a different world one day.
A New Arena Of Research In Microbial Genetics
The Trivedi Effect(R) which uses the Energy Transmission forays into the field of
microbial genetics. Numerous researches were conducted in microbial genetics
using the Energy Transmission, and it was found that the biological transmissions
brought about a positive impact at the genetic level. To know more about the
research conducted using the Trivedi Effect(R) Visit,http://www.trivediagriculture.com/
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