Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis of Arthritis

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Causes, Symptoms and
Diagnosis of Arthritis
Severe arthritis in hand which was not treated
The inflammation in the joints found in one or more
body parts is called Arthritis. There are over 100 types
of arthritis, and all of these types have different causes
and treatments. Arthritis symptoms usually appear on a
gradual basis but there are certain types that may show
symptoms suddenly. Arthritis is most common among
adults that are over the age of 65 but children and teens
could also develop this condition. As per the Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention, women are more
susceptible to arthritis along with those who are
The Causes of Arthritis
Cartilage is a connective, flexible tissue in joints which
absorbs the shock and pressure created from movement
like walking and running. It also allows smooth
movement and protection for joints.
Certain forms of arthritis can be caused due to reduction
in the regular amount of cartilage tissues. Osteoarthritis
is caused by the regular wear and tear experienced all
through the life. It is one o f the most common types of
arthritis. The natural breakdown of the cartilage tissue
can be aggravated by injury or infection to the joints.
Individuals who have a family history of this disease
generally have a higher chance of developing
Rheumatoid arthritis is another form of arthritis that is
very common. It occurs when the immune system of the
body starts attacking the tissues. The se attacks have an
effect on the synovium that is responsible for the
secretion of a fluid which lubricates the joints and
nourishes the cartilage. Rheumatoid arthritis can sooner
or later cause the destruction of both the cartilage in the
joint and the bone. The real reason for the attacks by the
immune system has not been discovered yet, but
researchers have discovered the genetic markers that
significantly increase the risk o f developing rheumatoid
Signs of Arthritis
Of all th e symptoms of arthritis the most common
involve the joints. Stiffness and pain in the joints along
with swelling of joints predominantly in the morning
are typical signs of arthritis. The suff erer could also
experience skin redness around the joint and a gradual
decrease in the range of motion of the joints.
Loss of appetite, slight fever and tiredness are also
symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. This happens due to
the inflammation caused by th e attacking immune
system. It could also make the patient anemic, which is
a condition in which the red blood cells within the body
are severely reduced. Severe cases of rheumatoid
arthritis if left untreated can lead to the deformation of
the affected joints.
Diagnosis of arthritis
The diagnosis of arthritis begins with a physical
examination of the affected area by a Lake elsinore
rheumatologist. During this examination, the
Riverside rheumatologist will check for red or warm
joints, fluid around the joints and the joint’s limited
range of motion. Extracting and analysing bodily fluids
like joint fluid and blood for inflammation levels can
help the rheumatologist determine the type of arthritis
that's affecting the joints. Imaging scans like CT
scanners, MRI and x-ray can also be used to produce an
image of the cartilage and bone. These images can be
used to determine if the symptoms are the result of a
bones spur.