Global Guidelines for Preventing Deforestation

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ISSN 0258-6150
Global guidelines for the
restoration of degraded forests
and landscapes in drylands
Global guidelines for the
restoration of degraded forests
and landscapes in drylands
Building resilience and benefiting livelihoodsBuilding resilience and benefiting livelihoods
Drylands cover nearly half of the earth’s land surface and
are home to one-third of the global population. They
face extraordinary challenges, including those posed by
desertification, biodiversity loss, poverty, food insecurity
and climate change. Up to 20 percent of the world’s
drylands are degraded, and people living there are often
locked into a vicious circle of poverty, unsustainable
practices and environmental degradation. It is clear that
serious efforts are needed to arrest dryland degradation
and restore degraded lands, and the simple but urgent
aim of these guidelines is to support such efforts
It is the first time that global guidelines on dryland
restoration are made available. These guidelines target
two main groups – policymakers and other
decision-makers, and practitioners – because both have
the power to bring about positive change. While they
should be tailored to suit regional and local contexts,
they present the essential components for the design,
implementation and sustainability of restoration
initiatives that can help build ecological and social
resilience and generate benefits for local livelihoods.
As illustrated by the rich case studies provided, the
guidelines involve a vast range of actions, from
on-the-ground activities such as habitat protection,
assisted natural regeneration, sand-dune stabilization and
planting, to policy improvements, provision of financial
incentives, capacity development, and continuous
monitoring and learning. Moreover, they show that
restoration needs to be considered across the entire
market value chain, from seed to end-product, as well as
at the landscape level, including the mosaic of land uses,
needs and expectations of interest groups.
FAO FORESTRY PAPER
175
Global guidelines for the
restoration of degraded forests
and landscapes in drylands
Building resilience and benefiting
livelihoods
FAO
FORESTRY
PAPER
175
REPUBLIC OF TURKEY
PRIME MINISTRY
Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency
This document has been printed with the
financial assistance of the European Union.
The views expressed herein can in no way
be taken to reflect the official opinion of
the European Union.
175 FAOGlobal guidelines for the restoration of degraded forests and landscapes in drylands - Building resilience and benefiting livelihoods
I5036E/2/11.15
ISBN 978-92-5-108912-5
9789255 089121
ISSN 0258-6150
Cover photo: Soil preparation for planting in Tera, Great Green Wall, the Niger
(©Moctar Sacande)
Global guidelines for the
restoration of degraded forests
and landscapes in drylands
Building resilience and benefiting livelihoods
BY
NORA BERRAHMOUNI
PEDRO REGATO
MARC PARFONDRY
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2015
FAO
FORESTRY
PAPER
175