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Some years ago an experiment was reported
(Shomer & Centers, 1970) indicating that male col-
.lege students respond differently to gender-role
attitude questionnaires depending on the gender
composition of the group in which the questionnaire
is administered. The study found-in addition to the
usual effect of respondent gender (women more
egalitarian on this topic than men)--that the egalitari-
anism scores of men (but not women) were higher in
mixed-gender than in single-gender groups) If the
finding is reliable, it suggests either (a) that the
presence of women in the room completing the
questionnaire at the same time raises the l~vfl of
gender-role egalitarianism expressed by the men, (b)
that the presence of other men in the room complet-
ing the questionnaire at the same time lowers the
level of gender-role egalitarianism expressed by the
men, or (c) both. 2 Either way, the results raise the
question of potential bias in the measuring of a
particular variable (gender-role attitude) in the cir-
cumstance of other people being present--a circum-
stance that varies somewhat with the data collection
mode but is apparently not uncommon when ques-
tionnaires are administered in an organizational
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