Havay Chemicals Studied The Havay Chemicals Studied The Nutritional Needs of the Beef Cattle

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Havay Chemicals Studied The Nutritional Needs of the Beef Cattle

Havay Chemicals as a choline chloride manufacturer has been researching how to improve
animals' nutrition and health. Recent studies show that beef cattle's demands for nutrients are
various according to different growth stage, growing rates and environmental conditions. If the
need for nutrition is fully meted, beef and cattle's production potential can be maximized.

1. Energy
Beef's metabolism and other daily life activities need energy. If beef's feed lacks of energy, it
will make the beef lose weight. The nutrients stored in body issue release energy thus to maintain
beef's life activities. Therefore, sufficient energy must be provided to beef.

2. Protein
Protein is the basic ingredient of all living cells. The protein beef gets is firstly used in
replenishing the protein utilized on body's issue such as the growth of hairs, horn, hoof and
synthesizing enzyme and hormone. After that, it comes to weigh gain. As there is not much protein
in hay and straw, so protein feed or non-protein nitrogen is a must in cattle fattening stage.

3. Minerals
Minerals account for 3-4% of livestock body weight and minerals are the indispensable
ingredients of the body's tissues and cells. Except for bone development, it also can maintain body
acid-base balance, regulate the osmotic pressure, and participate in enzyme, hormone, vitamin
synthetic etc. Salts, calcium and phosphorus are among the major minerals.

Salt should always be supplied. Beef can lick it free by themselves or we can add salt in the feed.

Calcium - A large number of calcium should be provided in beef cattle growth stage.

Phosphorus - According to the nutritional needs, phosphorus should be added in feed.

Under normal circumstances, nutrition elements for beef such as selenium, zinc, copper,
manganese, cobalt, iodine, we only need to add them in daily feed when the local soil lacks of
these elements.

4. Vitamin
Vitamins belong to the low molecular compounds, which is necessary to maintain the normal
physiological function of the livestock. Lack of vitamins would retard growth. Beef are most
likely to lack vitamin A. Based on straw as mainly feed, oure recommendations is that 6600
international units of vitamin A supplement for per 100 kg of body weight.

5. Water
Water is an important part of the animal's body. Beef's demand for water is affected by various
aspects such as weighting increasing rate, daily activities, feed type, food intake and external
environment. Generally for fattening cattle with weight between 250kg and 450kg, the water

intake is between 25kg and 35kg under the temperature of 10.

6. Choline Chloride Feed Additives
Choline chloride liquid have a significant effect on improving feed nutritional value and animal