how to improve your iq

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Improving Your IQ
by Richard Pellegrino and
Michael Politis
A Division of Macmillan General Reference
A Simon & Schuster Macmillan Company
1633 Broadway, New York, NY 10019-6785


DEAR READER


THE COMPLETE IDIOT'S REFERENCE CARD




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Copyright © 1999 by Richard Pellegrino and Michael Politis
All rights reserved. No part of this book shall be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted by any
means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from the publisher.
No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained herein. Although every precaution
has been taken in the preparation of this book, the publisher and author assume no responsibility for errors or
omissions. Neither is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of information contained herein. For
information, address Alpha Books, 1633 Broadway, 7th Floor, New York, NY 10019-6785.
THE COMPLETE IDIOT'S GUIDE TO & Design is a registered trademark of Macmillan, Inc.
Macmillan Publishing books may be purchased for business or sales promotional use. For information please write:
Special Markets Department, Macmillan Publishing USA, 1633 Broadway, New York, NY 10019-6785.
International Standard Book Number: 0-02-862724-5
Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 98-88701
01 00 99
8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Interpretation of the printing code: the rightmost number of the first series of numbers is the year of the book's
printing; the rightmost number of the second series of numbers is the number of the book's printing. For example, a
printing code of 99-1 shows that the first printing occurred in 1999.
Printed in the United States of America
Note: This publication contains the opinions and ideas of its authors. It is intended to provide helpful and informative
material on the subject matter covered. It is sold with the understanding that the author and publisher are not engaged
in rendering professional services in the book. If the reader requires personal assistance or advice, a competent
professional should be consulted.
The authors and publisher specifically disclaim any responsibility for any liability, loss or risk, personal or otherwise,
which is incurred as a consequence, directly or indirectly, of the use and application of any of the contents of this
book.


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Alpha Development Team
Publisher
Kathy Nebenhaus
Editorial Director
Gary M. Krebs
Managing Editor
Bob Shuman
Marketing Brand Manager
Felice Primeau
Editor
Jessica Faust
Development Editors
Phil Kitchel
Amy Zavatto
Production Team
Development Editor
Nancy E. Gratton
Production Editor
Nancy E. Sixsmith
Cover Designer
Mike Freeland
Illustrator
Brian MacMoyer
Designer
Nathan Clement
Indexer
Greg Pearson
Layout/Proofreading
Steve Balle-Gifford
Laura Knox


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CONTENTS AT A GLANCE
Part 1: What's So Smart About Being Intelligent?
1
1. What Is Intelligence?
3
Discover the true meaning of intelligence, in all its varied forms, and
how increasing your effective intelligence is the key to improving all
aspects of your life.

2. How Should We Measure Intelligence?
11
Learn what the IQ test is really all about and why it's no longer
considered an appropriate measure of true intelligence. And discover
the real tools you need to develop truly effective intelligence.

3. Tools Don't Do the Job, People Do the Job
19
A fully-stocked brain is of little use without pragmatic sense as well.
Learn how to maximize your own “effective intelligence” tool kit to
really take charge of your life and your learning.

4. Slugging It Out—Even a Snail Can Learn
27
There's a lot we can learn from our less-neurologically-complex fellow
creatures. Find out what even a snail has to teach you about becoming
more effectively intelligent. If he can do it, so can you!

5. Making Connections: Synapses and Brain Circuits
39
From Andy's simple wiring to the confounding complexity of the human
brain: Here's where you learn just how it is that you think—effectively
or otherwise.

6. From Slug to Slugger
49
You've got the basic wiring down, now it's time to learn about where
you get all the information you need from the world around you—and
how your brain makes sense of it all.

7. The Triad of Effective Intelligence
61
Becoming effectively intelligent is a dynamic, three-stage process.
Here's where you learn just how to do it. It's easier than you might
think!

Part 2: The World Talks to Us
69
8 What You See Isn't Always What You Get
71
The astounding world of vision—and the amazing way your brain
processes what you see. It's not just a biological fact of life—learn to
take charge of your windows on the world.




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The Microscopic Players—Underpaid and Underrated
28
How the Information Is Gathered
29
Go or No Go
29
Moving on Down the Line
30
What a Charge!
30
The Supporting Cast
31
Physical and Chemical Support
32
Don't Blame Him, He Was Born a Slug. What's Your Excuse?
33
Sensitization
34
Habituation
34
Thanks for the Memories
35
The Science of Drooling
36
5
39
Making Connections: Synapses and Brain Circuits
The Skull Is a Very Noisy Room
40
Oh, Those Spunky Synapses
40
Let's Break It Down
42
Living Microchips
43
Let's Build a Brain
46
6
49
From Slug to Slugger
From Wiring to Wisdom
49
All Roads Lead to Rome
50
How We Listen to the World: Sensors and Sensory Circuits
52
How We Talk Back!
54