Impact of Biofield Treatment on Yield, Quality and Control of Nematode in Carrots

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Impact of Biofield Treatment on Yield, Quality and Control of Nematode in
Carrots
Vishal D Shinde1, Mahendra Kumar Trivedi2 and Shrikant Patil2*
1Pacific Ag Research, 1840 Biddle Ranch Road, San Luis Obispo, CA, USA
2Trivedi Global Inc, 10624 S Eastern Avenue Suite A-969 , Henderson, NV, USA
*Corresponding author: Shrikant Patil, Trivedi Global Inc, 10624 S Eastern Avenue Suite A-969, Henderson, NV, USA, Tel: +1 602-531-5400; E-mail:
Rec date: Apr 10, 2015; Acc date: June 24, 2015; Pub date: June 27, 2015
Copyright: © 2015 Shinde VD, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted
use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Abstract
This study tested the Null Hypothesis for the effect of biofield treatment when used for control of nematode on
carrot crops, Daucus carota, under typical growing conditions in year 2012 at Guadalupe, California, USA. Following
biofield treatment, carrot seeds were planted in replicate plots with mechanical seeder and their development was
recorded compared to control seed growth from untreated plots and plots treated with the commercial standard
nematicide, further Vydate L was applied three times at rates of 1 and 0.5 gal/A, at 1, 18 and 35 days after seeding,
respectively. At 70 and 109 days after the first application root galling severity in biofield treated crops was reduced
by 54% and 22% respectively as compared to untreated while the Vydate response showed 0% and 25% control,
respectively. Plots planted with biofield treated seeds resulted in the greatest number and weight of marketable
carrot roots. Total yield and gross return were greatest in biofield treated group producing an approximately 33%
increase over the untreated controls and 15% increase over those treated with the commercial standard, Vydate L.
Vitamin A (beta carotene) was significantly greater (6512 IU/100 g) in biofield treated carrots compared with both the
untreated controls (4941) and the commercial standard (5143). The results concluded that, Biofield treatment
caused the numerical improvement in yield along with nematode control in carrots however, caused statistically
significant increase in Vitamin A content.
Keywords: Biofield treatment;
Daucus carota
; Nematode; Beta
carotene
Introduction
Information-containing biofield energies surrounding living
organisms are postulated to be involved in their self-regulation
processes [1]. In recent times, an increasing number of papers are
showing scientifically measurable impact of the biofield energies of
some energy healers transmitted through intentional mental energies
and interacting with matter, microbes and plants. The basic
assumption of science that such energies can be ignored in normal
scientific models of the material world until proved both relevant and
productive has led to the development of many noteworthy and
reliable technologies. Nevertheless, the finding that biofield energies
are able to directly influence matter, and more specifically, that they
can influence the development and self-expression of living organisms,
is of value to science. It is therefore necessary to establish their scope
and scientifically integrate the influences in beneficial ways into
existing technologies.
Studies by Trivedi and Tallapragada [2,3] claim quantifiable
transformations in the physical and structural properties of organic
and inorganic powder materials due to a biofield energy transmission
technique, also referred herewith as Biofield treatment. They report
that elemental diamond, graphite and activated charcoal powders
showed measureable and significant changes in their molecular
structure after the said treatment. Dabhade, et al. [4] similarly show
that measurable changes in particle size and hence surface area as well
as crystallite size of antimony and bismuth metal powders resulted
from the same external biofield treatment which they suggest may
have caused a relatively high energy state to occur within the treated
substances. With regard to plant life, Patil, et al. [5] reported results
from this energy of consciousness on micropropagation response of
Patchouli. The source of energy treatments used in these studies was a
specific technique by an internationally well-known energy
practitioner and his students, whose names are not mentioned here in
accordance with recommended best scientific practice, but can be
provided on demand for replication experiments.
As information-containing energies are here involved, with a
synergistic intention, it may be expected that living materials would be
able to show the impact more effectively. While the impact on humans
can be accounted for by the placebo effect, experiments on plant
systems can show whether such placebo effects are necessarily
involved. The
in vitro
experiments reported above show significant
results which display some intrinsic variability in the controlled
laboratory conditions and in early tissue growth stages. However
in
vivo
testing was able to show more consistent results due to the larger
adaptive challenges faced by samples in the field. Shinde et al. [6] and
Sances, et al. [7] compared the impact of biofield treatment when
applied with and without various scientific treatments of pesticides
and fertilizers which further showed a statistical increase when biofield
is applied along with normal scientific treatments. Thus they showed a
synergistic effect of the biofield treatment with externally applied
chemical agencies. With regard to crop yield, Lenssen et al. [8]
reported the soybean productivity was found to be similar when only
biofield treatment was applied at the level of seeds as compared to the
control group, which received standard fungicides application.
Journal of Horticulture Shinde et al., J Horticulture 2015, 2:3
http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2376-0354.1000150
Research Article Open Access
J Horticulture
ISSN:2376-0354 Horticulture, an open access journal Volume 2 • Issue 3 • 1000150
Vitamin A is a pale yellow primary alcohol derived from carotene.
It affects the formation and maintenance of skin, mucous membranes,
bones, teeth, vision and reproduction. In addition dietary Vitamin A,
in the form of beta carotene, an antioxidant, may help reduce the risk
of certain cancers. A lot of emphasis has been given on breakdown of
vitamin A content of carrots after processing or cooking, however,
there were hardly any attempts made for improvement of Vitamin A
content while growing carrots at field levels [9].
In Microbiology experiments, The said treatment caused the
changes in the biochemical properties and antibiotic sensitivity
patterns of Staphylococcus epidermis, Yersinia enterocolitica and on
Enterococcus faecalis [10-12]. The details of several scientific
investigations and the results achieved through Biofield on Vanadium
Pentoxide, Silicon, Tin, Lead, Zirconia, Silica, Aluminium and many
more, in the form of original data are reported elsewhere [13-17].
In this paper we report on comparison of crop quality, vitality,
disease and yield of treated and untreated commercial carrot plantings.
While disease may be effectively controlled using external chemicals, it
is normally seen that subsequent yields are affected by such
applications. Vydate, though commonly used as a standard for
nematode control, shows a crop growth response for a few weeks
following application even when no pest is present; however, this
response seldom translates into a yield response. Vydate is also a
systemic insecticide which can control feeding damage from some soil
and foliar insects. The objective was to compare the crop performance
with various types of treatments, namely untreated controls, crops
with application of Vydate and crops with application of biofield
treatment, in a blind randomized study.
Materials and Methods
Treatments were of three types, with five replicates per treatment.
Control carrot (
Daucus carota
) seeds, untreated in any way, were
planted in untreated plots and in plots treated with the commercial
standard, Vydate L, applied three times at rates of 1 gal/A, 0.5 gal/A,
and 0.5 gal/A at 1, 18 and 35 days after seeding respectively in a
dilution of 27,154 gal/A (one acre-inch of water). Applications were
performed using drip irrigation operated at a pressure of 10 psi. The
performance of these treatments was compared with that of biofield
treated seeds planted in untreated plots. The biofield treatment was
applied for about 3 minutes to the seeds. Plots in the three cases were
allotted for treatment in randomized fashion, with locations unknown
to evaluators.
Evaluations
Evaluations consisted of assessing ten plants per plot for shoot
length, along with root galling severity and yield measurements based
on production grade number and weight of marketable carrot roots.
Randomly selected 25 carrot samples per plot were analyzed for
vitamin A (beta carotene) content at National Food Laboratory,
Livermore, CA. Field or laboratory evaluations were conducted six
times over a two month period of growth.
Data analysis
Statistics were analyzed using ANOVA mean comparison with LSD
test and α=0.05.
Results
Crop measurements (Figure 1) showed significantly higher shoot
lengths on plants from Vydate-treated plots as compared to crops
from untreated control and from biofield treated plots. The shoot
lengths in treatment Vydate was significantly higher.
Figure 1: Average shoots length per treatment (cm). DAP_ Days
after planting. a,b. Statistical differences are inclusive.
There appeared to be no signs of insects or insect feeding that
occurred on plants in any of the plots. This may be because the
experiments were conducted in the winter months, with evaluations
done from November to January, when most of the pests are in more
dormant stages, showing less infestation of plants. However, when
root galling severity was compared at 70 DAP and at 109 DAP (Figure
2), it was initially found to be lower in biofield treated crops as
compared to the other two, and at the end, it was lower in both
biofield-treated and Vydate-treated crops as compared to untreated
controls.
Figure 2: Percent control of root galling severity per treatment.
DAP_Days after planting a,b. Statistical differences are inclusive.
The severity was reduced by 54% and 22% respectively in biofield
treated crops; this is compared to the Vydate response of 0% and 25%,
respectively. Thus overall the percent control of root galling severity
per treatment was on average seen to be better in biofield treated
Citation: Shinde VD, Trivedi MK, Patil S (2015) Impact of Biofield Treatment on Yield, Quality and Control of Nematode in Carrots. J Horticulture
2: 150. doi:10.4172/2376-0354.1000150
Page 2 of 4
J Horticulture
ISSN:2376-0354 Horticulture, an open access journal Volume 2 • Issue 3 • 1000150
crops, while at the end a comparable result was seen between Vydate-
treated and biofield-treated crops.
Plots planted with Biofield treated seeds resulted in the greatest
number and weight of marketable carrot roots (Figure 3). Total yield
and gross return were greatest for this treatment producing 16,267 lb/
acre at a first point of sale value of $3904/acre (Figure 4). This is
approximately a 33% increase over the untreated controls and a 15%
increase over the commercial standard, Vydate L.
Figure 3: Yield per treatment in terms of average number and
weight of marketable roots and average total yield (lb/acre) per
treatment. a,b . Statistical differences are inclusive.
Vitamin A (beta carotene) content (Figure 5) was significantly
greater in the Biofield treated carrots compared with untreated
controls as well as the commercial standard, yielding 6512 IU/100 g of
root tissue, which was a 32% increase over untreated controls and a
27% increase over the Vydate-treatment further testifying to improved
grade of crop.
Figure 4: Average gross return ($/acre) per treatment. a. Statistical
differences are inclusive.
Figure 5: Average content of beta carotene content per treatment
(IU/100 g). a,b. Statistical differences are inclusive.
Discussion
The overall results indicated that biofield treated crops had
improved overall immunity as compared to untreated crops, whereas
the yield and quality of crop was numerically greater than both
untreated crops as well as Vydate-treated crops. Although plant
growth in terms of shoot length was not improved by the biofield
treatment, the treatment was effective in its targets as an alternative to
the chemical treatment, at the same time providing higher marketable
yields of crop and gross return per acre besides better quality and
higher vitamin A content. The shoot lengths in the plots which are
treated with Vydate was significantly higher, however it was not
directly proportional to the yield since biofield treatment produced
more yields. It seems that Vydate treatment caused more vegetative
growth on top of the soil but biofield treatment enhanced root growth
which eventually produced more yields. In recent years demand of
beta carotene has been increasing steadily because of its possible roles
in the treatment of human diseases [9]. In current studies effect of
biofield treatment found significantly positive on Vitamin A content
in carrots. The results indicated the ability of
Daucus carota
to respond
to biofield treatment with improvement in yield, quality (vitamin A)
and nematode control.
Citation: Shinde VD, Trivedi MK, Patil S (2015) Impact of Biofield Treatment on Yield, Quality and Control of Nematode in Carrots. J Horticulture
2: 150. doi:10.4172/2376-0354.1000150
Page 3 of 4
J Horticulture
ISSN:2376-0354 Horticulture, an open access journal Volume 2 • Issue 3 • 1000150