Learn Top Survival Techniques About Wilderness Travel

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Learn Top Survival Techniques About
Wilderness Travel
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Most wilderness travel escapes do go perfectly well, your flight is on time,
your guide meets you at the airport, and you sleep under the stars with plenty
of food and drink. There is a darker side that adventure travellers should be
aware of and, in this guide we hope you remember just a few pieces of
information that could help one day to save you from starving, thirst, disease
or even death. If your backpack does go missing or you get separated from
your tour group, don't panic! These steps will help bring out the bushman in all
of you.
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Step one - Control Your Emotions:
For most people the first reaction in an emergency situation is to panic. If you
do become stranded in the wilderness you will have to quickly learn that the
situation you are presented with is real, but try and maintain a positive manner
that will help you deal with your predicament. Don't kid yourself, anticipate
your situation being hard and long, get your thoughts turned to being in your
surroundings for some time, get used to it and deal with it. Hope for the best,
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but plan for the worst.

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Step two - Stop:
When the heart is racing and adrenalin
pumping, it's easy to loose track of what is
important and what is not. Spending a day building
a device so you have clean drinking water is not
much use if you're in the rain forest, where water is
plentiful. Survival experts have been teaching
travellers the technique of S.T.O.P for years, Stop,
Think, Observe and Plan. So stop, clear your mind
and think about tasks in order of importance and
don't put too much pressure on the less important
jobs at hand. Observe your surroundings to help
you plan your tasks, and if you're in a safe spot
with water and food at hand, be happy.
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Step three - Know Where to Get Clean Water:
Finding clean, drinkable water in wilderness travel situations is very
important. Do not underestimate the importance of water in a survival situation.
The human body can function for weeks with very little or no food but, without
water you will quickly become ill and die. Depending on your location water
can be sourced from many locations, apart from the desert. Most survival
experts recommend you boil any water you find first to kill any bacteria, but
this will depend on if you have a fire and pot to hand. You can find other ways
to clean water by using items of your own clothing to act as a filter, old netting
you find or stones. The option to collect rainwater, if it's available, is great but
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be sure to stock up, as it may not rain again for days.

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Step four - Make a Shelter:
Now you have water try and erect some form of shelter to
protect you from the outside elements. Use rocks, caves
and trees to your advantage, place old sticks and soft
branches on the floor to act as a ground sheet.
A lean-to is a simple shelter that consists of branches or
wood placed against the side of a large rock or tree.
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Step five - Find Food:
If your stay in the wilderness has passed a few days you will be desperate for
some nourishment. If you are lucky you may have already located some
berries or plant life you recognise, but man can't survive on these alone and
you will need to locate another food source, protein. Other animal offerings
can help you survive in the toughest situations but remember what dangers
steeling from other predators can bring. However, if you do find eggs in a nest,
remains of other dead animals killed by wolves or birds then fair game. Protein
is essential for you to keep strong, and you will quickly find out your gag reflex
tolerance from some of these raw delights. Once you get experienced learn
how to create simple animal traps with wood and holes covered in thin
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branches.

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Step six - Learn How To Start a Fire Without Matches:
Fire provides warmth, light, protection from animals and
insects, and aids as a rescue signal. When you're in a survival situation, don't
count on matches. Even if you have them, windy and wet situations will render
them virtually useless. Thus, it's essential that a man know how to start a fire
without matches.The fire-plow is a friction method of ignition and been used for
centuries. Literally, rubbing a hardwood shaft against a softer wood base
pushes out small particles of wood fibers. As you apply more pressure on each
stroke, the friction heat intensifies and ignites.
Another technique is the direct spark method. It's the easiest of
the primitive methods if you have a flint or other hard, sharp-edged rock and
carbon steel available (stainless steel will not produce a good spark). This
method requires a loose-jointed wrist and practice. When a spark has caught
in the tinder, blow on it. The spark will spread and burst into flames.
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Step seven - Help:
Now you are safely set up, your thoughts need
to turn to getting out of the situation. Signalling
for help can either be achieved by using a
mirror against the suns rays, spelling out HELP
in large 4 meter tall letters, so pilots can see
them from the air, using wood, rocks, old junk,
anything you can find.
This survival
guide can only teach you how to prepare for
any failures that may happen during
wilderness travel excursions, but let's hope
you never have to use them.
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