Pasado Simple Inglés

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PASADO SIMPLE
The Simple past tense
SIMPLE PAST - POSITIVE FORM:
I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they + VERB (PAST FORM) +
Complement

ESTO QUIERE DECIR QUE PARA TODAS LAS PERSONAS HAY UNA SOLO CONJUGACION . Lo
unico que hay que aprender es a formar esta conjugacion. Esto depende si es REGULAR o
IRREGULAR verb.
The verb in the past simple form can be REGULAR or IRREGULAR
* Regular Verbs:
To from the irregular from we need to add "ed" to the infinitive form.
For example:
to watch -> watched | to talk -> talked | to wash -> washed (FIGURA 1)

REGLAS DE DELETREO

EXAMPLES: NO IMPORTA CUAL ES EL SUJETO: SIEMPRE LLEVARA LA MISMA
CONJUGACION

1) Maria played soccer last week.
2) Pedro and Juan watched TV yesterday

3) We studied for the test but we all failed.
4) They talked on the phone for two hours last night.
* Irregular verbs
The past forms of the irregular forms DO NOT end in "-ed". They have different forms and
we need to learn them gradually. Here is a list to begin with: (FIGURA 3)

Exercises : ASI SEA REGULAR O IRREGULAR TODAS LAS PERSONAS LLEVARAN LA MISMA
CONJUGACION

1) We went to the movies last weekend
2) They were hungry and ate the whole chicken.
3) She went to the mall and spent a lot of money.
4) Diego got up very late.
5) I came home early yesterday.
EJERCICIOS


Complete the blanks with the correct form of the verbs in the past simple
tense





* NEGATIVE FORM:
In the negative form we need to use the auxiliary did + not (didn't). remember that when
we use the auxiliary we put the verb in the INFINITIVE form. The auxiliary didn't is used in
the negative form with verbs that are not to be. DO NOT USE DIDN'T WITH WAS OR
WERE!!!
TABLE # 1
Subject
Auxiliary (did) + not
Infinitive
I

Study

You

Work
She

Play
He
Did not (didn't)
Go
It
Eat
We
Arrive
They
Live
Ejemplos (TABLE # 2):
Positive form
Negative form
I went to school
I didn't go to school
She studied all night
She didn't study all night
They ate a lot
They didn't eat a lot
We had lunch
We didn't have lunch
* SIMPLE PAST - QUESTION FORM - TABLE # 3:
In the question form we need to use the auxiliary "Did" and we have to write the verb in
the INFINITIVE form

Auxiliary (Did)
Subject
Infinitive
||
I
Study
|
You
Work
|
He
Play
Did
She
Go
|
It
Eat
|
We
Arrive
|
You
Live
They
Sleep
We can also place the question word before this structure.
QW + DID + Subject+ Verb (Infinitive)
Examples:
- What did you do yesterday?
- Where did Maria go last week?
- What time did Pedro leave the party?
- When did Sarah get married?
- How many bottles of beer did they drink?
* Let's compare present simple with past simple
TABLE: 4
Present Simple
Past Simple
(-) I don't study
I didn't study
(-) She doesn't work
She didn't work
(?) Does she study?
Did she study?
(?) Do you like movies?
Did you like the movie?

*** Como vemos en esta comparacion, lo unico que cambia es el auxiliar. Recuerden que
el auxiliar DID (ademas de do y does) APARECEN EL LA FORMA NEGATIVA E
INTERROGATIVA CON VERBOS QUE NO SON TOBE.
* Short Answers (respuestas cortas)

Examples:
Did you see Pam yesterday? ----- No, I didn't.
Did it rain on Sunday? ------- Yes, it did.
Did Helen come to the party? ------- No, she didn't.
Did your parents have a good trip?------ Yes, they did.
* MARCADORES DE TIEMPO DEL PASADO: TABLE
5

Examples:
- I studied English last night.
- She finished school 3 years ago.
- Martin wanted to go to the movies yesterday.
- We went to New York 5 months ago.
EJERCICIOS