Response by the national council to OHCHR report Final

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When it comes to Human Rights Violations and Abuses in Yemen:
Its Saleh's regime vs. the people of Yemen and the international

September 18, 2011

When it comes to Human Rights Violations and Abuses in Yemen:
Its Saleh's regime vs. the people of Yemen and the international

National Council of the Peaceful Revolutionary Forces
Sanaa, September 18, 2011

On behalf of the people of Yemen in all freedom squares, we would like to take this
opportunity to express our gratitude and deep appreciation for the tremendous efforts and
work performed by the Mission of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
mission to Yemen, led by H. E. Hanni Mejalli. We are now at liberty to say that for the first
time, we have a fairly accurate perception by an internationally recognized august body of
the awesome tragedy that is unfolding in Yemen under the suppressive regime of Ali
Abdullah Saleh and his family. In fact, as the Human Rights Council is about to discuss the
report, the remaining elements of the Saleh regime continue to unleash their ugly
bloodletting temptations on the peaceful protesters demanding for legitimate regime
change and a return to a civilian democratic government. On this tragic day of Sunday, the
19th of September, the regime forces led by Ali Abdullah Saleh's sons and nephews, carried
out another bloody massacre in the City of Sana'a killing nearly 30 peaceful demonstrators
and wounding nearly a thousand. Using live ammunition, RPGs, ant-aircraft machineguns,
water cannons, armed armored personnel carriers, as well as automatic rifles and tear gas,
the Republican Guards, Central Security troops and plainclothes elements of the ruling party
(thugs), randomly, indiscriminately and wildly fired their lethal weapons against unarmed
peaceful demonstrators marching in a narrow street near the Change Square area. The
demonstrators, who were mostly youth in their teens and twenties, were met with a random
wobble of fire from all these weapons, which clearly underscores the Saleh's regime's
insistence to respond to the legitimate aspirations of the Yemeni people for change from a
family dictatorship to a civil democratic government with merciless impunity and disregard
for any human rights. The deadly massacre today is clear testimony that the remaining
elements of the Saleh regime have only contempt for any report that underscores their gross
human rights violations, whether against peaceful demonstrators, or against citizens, who
are barred from regular electricity service as collective punishment and so as to bar access to
media channels reporting on the unending crimes of the regime's military and security

We believe that today's bloody sadism of the sons and nephews of Ali Abdullah Saleh surely
underscore the need for immediate and direct condemnation by the international
community, including the honorable OHCHR, the United Nations and all regional and
bilateral organizations, civil society advocacy groups for human rights, and all bilateral
friends of Yemen. We also believe that today's crimes and all the infarctions cited in the
report of the mission led by the Honorable Hanni Mejalli should be considered as crimes
against humanity, which would require that the perpetrators of such crimes be identified
and brought to trial and duly punished for their unforgivable crimes against their fellow
Yemeni citizens, without regard to the Yemeni Constitution, the International Conventions
and Treaties on Human Rights, which Yemen is party to, as well the Rome Statute of the
International Criminal Court, which Yemen has yet to sign, which would mean that such
criminal behavior should be presented to the United Nations Security Council for
appropriate action, and referral to the International Criminal Court.
Please take note of the enormous suffering that the Yemeni people have gone through for
nearly three and a half decades and help bring an end to the misery and agony of the
Yemeni people consummated by the Saleh Regime. The following are the detailed areas that
require the attention of the Human Rights Council, the OHCHR, the United Nations, as set
out in the relevant international conventions and agreements, as well as those highlighted
by the OHCHR Mission to Yemen.

While the report's findings indicate the severity of the human rights violations, these
findings only represent a snap shot of the regime practices in the entire country over three
decades and confirm the enormous reports by media as well as local and international
human rights organizations.
It is important to stress that the OHCHR Mission report focused
on the human rights situation and government violations during the period of 1st of January
to July 6th and covered only three cities. It goes without saying that there were many other
cities and governorates that also suffered massacres and other human rights violation in the
remaining 17 governorates. These include Hodeida, and the governments use of aircraft,
tanks, rockets and artillery on the tribal villages of Arhab, North of Sana'a, just to mention a
few. Therefore, the human right violations and crimes committed by the regime outlined in
this report and documented by several independent, reputable international organizations
such as Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Alkarama, (see attached) represent
only the tip of the iceberg and provide only a glimpse of the true extent and nature of
human right violations and brutal practices committed by this regime. To date, little action
has been taken to respond to all these human rights violations and the time has come to
bring justice to the perpetrators of these gross crimes.

Saleh and his regime continue to show total disregard of their legal obligations and
commitment to human right values and the treaties they signed. According to the report,
several international human right treaty bodies, as indicated by the report. On more than

one occasion in the report, the Saleh regime and its cronies was shown to display contempt
for any human rights that their fellow Yemeni citizens are entitled to and for the Yemeni
Constitution and international human rights conventions and agreements.

The regional and international leaders demanded Saleh to start a peaceful and smooth
transfer of power. This regime has thus lost its legitimacy & right to maintain its
leadership of Yemen and has failed to carry out its obligations toward the people of
The report also confirms what the people of Yemen have been saying and reported
widely by the international media and other human right organizations. That Saleh's
government has lost its legitimacy within its own constituency and is no longer capable of
providing the necessary leadership to ensure Yemen's unity, security and stability and has
proven itself incapable of leading Yemen's transition to a vibrant democracy. The
international pressure on Saleh and his regime must continue to carry out this peaceful
transition immediately and to return government to be for the people and by the people.

The OHCHR report confirms the peaceful nature of the protesters despite the use of
excessive and deadly force against them by the regime and its security and military organs.
The OHCHR report confirms that the pro-democracy demonstrations have been and remain
peaceful and commends the peaceful protesters for insisting on non-violent means to
achieve their objectives, notwithstanding the reliance by the regime on brute force to quell
the peaceful protests..
It is vital to differentiate between the clashes occurring between armed tribesman and
government forces and the attacks against peaceful protesters. These are separate issues
and should not be linked together. The peaceful protesters remain peaceful despite all the
attacks against them. For example, a recent attack by central security forces and 4th brigade
members on September 17, left 11 injured from live ammunition shrapnel.
In addition, the two official intelligence agencies, the "Political Security" and the "National
Security", which are under the control of the president and his sons and nephews, operate
with minimal parliamentary or judicial oversight and continue to work actively to use
intimidation, unlawful detention and torture as means to try to silence and punish
journalists, prodemocracy activists and human right defenders. Many activists are in danger
of being kidnapped and detained by security apparatus, as this has become a regular
occurrence even without the knowledge of their families.

As a result of using excessive and deadly force, hundreds of civilians were killed, and
thousands injured in addition to the torturing and arbitrary detention of children activists
and journalists.
The OHCHR report speaks of multiple, reliable accounts and reports
received by the Mission that consistently show that the government security forces resorted
to excessive use of force in response to peaceful demonstrators, including the use of live
ammunition, a variety of expired tear gases, batons, electronic stun guns and polluted water
The OHCHR report also exposed the true face of this regime and the extent to which it is
willing to use its intelligence and security forces as well as its military and air power against
its own people. It notes serious and credible allegations of human rights violations and
abuses that were committed by government forces and affiliates, including the killing of
civilians, excessive use of force, arbitrary detention, and torture of civilians, children,
activists and journalist. In a number of documented instances Government security forces
prevented wounded demonstrators from accessing hospitals or turned away doctors or

The regime's claims that it has ordered its forces to exercise restraint and/or protect the
protestors were unsubstantiated.
While the government continues to claim that it has
asked its forces to exert restraint and "promised" to hold those who committed crimes
against the peaceful protestors accountable, the report by OHCHR delegation clearly
indicates otherwise. There was no substantiation of these claims by the report whatsoever.

Even the elderly, women and children were victims of the barbaric practices of the regime.
Children have also been subjected to injury, arbitrary detentions, torture, and killing by the
security forces noting that at least 63 children were among the victims killed by Government

Saleh's regime is failing to carry out its obligations in providing basic services like power,
gas, water and food supplies and is deliberately applying measures of collective
punishment on the entire population.
Today, as confirmed by this report, Saleh's
government "has lost control of the majority of the country, including major cities" and is
failing to protect its citizens and provide them with access to basic service (health and
education) and adequate standards of living. Furthermore, the regime is systematically
implementing policies and practices aimed at restricting freedom of movement and limiting
access to basic services, including fuel, water, electricity, and food, as means of collective
punishment against the people of Yemen. According to the report, collective punishments

have led to indirect suffering of people, who rely on important services, as electricity, water
supply and fuels, especially the sick and ailing.
The report has shown without any doubt the regime's attempts to use excuses as sabotage
and armed opposition groups as being baseless and unsubstantiated, as well as reflecting a
weakness on the part of government to protect public property and assets.

The regime is applying continues to attack and harass journalists, media reporters and
human rights activists.
Consistent with previous reports by international human right
organizations, the OHCHR report demonstrates that Saleh's regime is committed to take
extraordinary measures to suppress freedom of speech, silence the truth by attacking local
and foreign journalists and suspend the licenses of journalists representing international
media and the expulsions of foreign journalists. The OHCHR reported that it observed a
declining aura of free speech and access to information.

The track record of Saleh and his family shows that they cannot be trusted and are
incapable of leading or participating Yemen's transition to a democratic society. Saleh and
his family must go and they must go now.
No two would disagree, that Yemen today is run
by Saleh, his family and close associates. While it can be argued that Saleh was elected to his
post, despite the questionable nature of the electoral system in Yemen, none of his family
members who have assumed the leadership over all major branches of the military and
armed forces were elected by the people or even competed for these jobs with other
ordinary citizens. In any democratic society, appointment of family members or close
relative to such posts would be sufficient grounds for dismissal or impeachment.
More than two months since the departure of the UN mission, the regime, led by Saleh's
son, nephews and their associates, continues to ignore its legal obligations and carry out
brutal assaults and commit human rights violations and abuses against peaceful protestors
in more than 17 Yemeni governorates and cities, with Sanaa', Taiz, Aden, and Al-Hudaydah,
with Arhab and the Abyan governorate being the most affected. The regime is also using the
national army and security services, which exist to protect the people and the country, to
engineer chaos and spread fear among the people. This has led to greater loss of lives and
the displacement of thousands of families that have been living in schools without proper
shelter, medical care and access to basic services since May
The people of Yemen are bewildered by the silence of the international community and the
lack of response to the daily calls for help by millions of peaceful protestors across the
country. The continued aggression of the regime, currently under the control of Saleh's sons
and relatives, against the people of Yemen, its failure to honor international human right
treaties and fulfill its commitments to reform makes it an undesirable and unreliable ally.
These facts also demonstrate that this regime cannot be trusted to oversee a truly

transparent and fair election and ensure Yemen's transition to a democratic society. For
these reasons, Saleh and his family must go and they must go now.

The incapable and failed regime of Sana'a is surviving only on the claim that they are
countering the threat of terrorism in the region, but the fact show that this regime has
release and created more terrorists than it ever arrested.
Even if western powers choses to
continue to view Yemen only through the prism of security and counterterrorism, the world
should not turn a blind eye to the crimes and violations perpetrated by Saleh and his family
against our people. More importantly, a partnership with the people of Yemen, not
dictators such as Saleh, is the most effective way to uproot and defeat extremis. Saleh has
proven himself again to be an incapable and unreliable partner in the global efforts to
promote regional security and combat terrorism. It is no secret to the people of Yemen and
intelligence community that Saleh and high ranking members of his regime have strong ties
to extremist elements in Yemen, including Al-Qaeda, and has been willing to accommodate
and use extremist elements to fight his local enemies and as a mean of extorting the west.
The truth is that Saleh and his regime have created more terrorists then they ever arrested
and will continue to do so, because this is essential for their survival. Only a strong central
government that enjoys the trust and support of its people and the respect of its neighbors
would be capable of contributing to regional stability and serve as an effective partner in the
global fight against terrorism. Under the current circumstances, Saleh and his regime do not
qualify. This regime continues to extend one hand to the west and the other hand to
extremists and terror groups. The people of Yemen peace loving people and are offering
their hands, hearts and brains to global efforts for peace.

The people of Yemen are calling on members of the international community to fulfill their
obligations, stand by respect their choice, bring an end to this oppressive regime, and take
the necessary measures to prevent a humanitarian crisis and the country from sliding into
a civil war.
Today, we call on the UN, Human Right Council, and the international community
to stand by the people of Yemen, respect their demands and aspiration of the people of
Yemen and take strong and immediate actions to end the attacks against civilians. Our
people continue to demand that Saleh and his family step down immediately and ensure
peaceful and orderly transfer of power.
For the sake of Yemen's economy, the well-being of our people and the future of the
country, we call on the international community to stop any military and financial support to
Saleh's regime. Instead of using these resources to support the economy and secure the
nation, this dictator and his regime are using this aid for their own personal gain and
ambitions; perpetrate more crimes and crimes against humanity, and to pay public relations

firms and experts to cover up all their human rights violations and crimes against the people
of Yemen.
We support the mission's recommendation for independent and impartial international
investigations into human rights abuses committed against our people. Those responsible
who have committed or ordered human right violations and unlawful killings against
innocent and peaceful protestor in Yemen must be held responsible for their acts and not to
be given any opportunity to evade accountability. Dictators and those who commit crimes
against humanity should never be given the immunity from prosecution.

Without international intervention, Yemen will explode and disintegrate. This explosion
will spell over to the neighboring region and intentional trade routes.
The current impasse
and continued aggression by Saleh and his regime have brought the suffering and frustration
of the people in Yemen to dangerous and unbearable levels. The people of Yemen have
refused to carry arms and foiled every attempt by the regime to drag the country into
nationwide violent conflicts. However, in the absence of immediate resolutions that meet
the people's demands and aspirations, address the dire and deteriorating humanitarian
situation, and alleviate people's suffering, there are real risk for a catastrophic humanitarian
crisis and the country to slide into a civil war at any moment. This is not only our own
assessment, but one that is shared by the OHCHR report, other UN organizations and
international agencies and observers. We call on the UN, its agencies and the international
community to follow the recommendations of the OHRCH and take immediate actions to
address the humanitarian crisis and prevent the country from falling into further chaos.
For Yemen to transition to a democratic, stable and vibrant democracy, the UN and
international community must not only bring an end to decades of oppression and human
rights violations and abuses by Saleh and his regime, but also stand by the people and
provide the necessary financial, training, and logistical support to help the people of Yemen
rebuild their economy and establish democratic institutions and political reforms that ensure
Yemen's unity and stability.

Reports on the government response to the peaceful pro-democracy protests in Yemen
By Amnesty International Since February 11th, 2011

12 September 2011
Yemen: Further information: Five men close to execution
16 August 2011
Yemeni man at risk of execution
31 May 2011
Yemen must stop killings of protesters or risk slide into civil ...
13 May 2011
Amnesty International Report 2011: State of human rights in the ...
28 April 2011
Deadly attack on Yemeni protesters undermines reform plans ...
27 April 2011
Yemeni president must be held accountable over rights violations ...
20 April 2011
Yemeni activist at risk as death toll mounts | Amnesty ...
6 April 2011
Decisive moment for Yemen. Act now. | Amnesty International
6 April 2011
International community must help probe Yemen's protest killings ...
International community must help probe Yemen's protest killings ...
5 April 2011
Yemen warned over use of deadly force ahead of fresh protest ...
24 March 2011
18 March 2011
Yemeni authorities must act over sniper killings of protesters ...
14 March 2011
Yemeni protesters killed in violent attacks | Amnesty ...
9 March 2011
Yemen urged to halt deadly attacks on protesters | Amnesty ...
26 February 2011
Security forces in Yemen block access to hospital | Amnesty ...
26 February 2011
Yemen: Security forces block access to hospital | Amnesty ...
23 February 2011
Yemen urged to halt escalating crackdown after two reported killed ...
22 February 2011
Yemen: Further information: Southern movement leader detained ...
18 February 2011
Protesters attacked as Yemen steps up crackdown | Amnesty ...
Yemen must halt attacks on protesters | Amnesty International
17 February 2011
17 February 2011
Yemen: Protesters detained in Yemen, risk of torture
14 February 2011
Yemen must rein in security forces as protests are violently ...

Reports on the government response to the peaceful pro-democracy protests in Yemen
By Human Rights Watch Since February 11th, 2011:

Jul 9, 2011
Yemen: Dozens of Civilians Killed in Southern Fighting
Jun 26, 2011
Yemen: Probe Deadly Attack on Marchers
Jun 20, 2011
Yemen: Reveal Opposition Figures' Whereabouts
Jun 4, 2011
Yemen: States Should Freeze Officials' Assets
May 12, 2011
Gulf Cooperation Council: Revoke Immunity Promise to Saleh
Apr 28, 2011
Yemen: Deadly Attacks Follow Saleh Immunity Pact
Apr 14, 2011
Yemen: Stop Using Children in Armed Forces
Apr 4, 2011
Yemen: Stop Shooting Protesters
Mar 23, 2011
Yemen: Emergency Law Does Not Trump Basic Rights
Mar 18, 2011
US: Suspend Military Aid to Yemen
Mar 12, 2011
Yemen: Suspend Aid After Attacks on Protesters
Mar 11, 2011
Yemen: Police Fail to Stop Attacks on Protesters
Mar 10, 2011
Yemen: Investigate Killing of Protesters
Mar 9, 2011
Yemen: Excessive Force Used Against Demonstrators
Mar 5, 2011
Yemen: Halt Attacks on Peaceful Protesters
Mar 1, 2011
Yemen: Reveal Opposition Figures' Whereabouts
Feb 26, 2011
Yemen: Security Forces, Gangs Attack Reporters
Feb 25, 2011
Yemen: Security Forces Kill Aden Protester
Feb 24, 2011
Yemen: Two Protesters Die in Sanaa, Aden
Feb 24, 2011
Yemen: Bring Attackers on Rights Group's Guard to Justice
Feb 23, 2011
Yemen: Protect Protesters From Attacks by Armed Groups
Feb 20, 2011
Yemen: Tenuous Calm in Sanaa
Feb 18, 2011
Yemen: End Deadly Attacks on Protesters
Feb 14, 2011
Yemen: Security Forces Assaulting Activists
Feb 13, 2011
Yemen: Don't Use Stun Guns on Peaceful Protesters
Feb 13, 2011
Yemen: Crackdowns on Protesters Continue
Feb 11, 2011
Yemen: Pro-Government Forces Attack Demonstrators

Reports by Alkarama
July 29th, 2011
Yemen: Journalists suffer persecution for reporting on protests
July 5th, 2011
Yemen: Alkarama provides information about the regime's crimes to the

UN Human Rights Mission
May 20th, 2011
Yemen: extra-judicial executions on the rise
April 25th, 2011
Yemen: Assassination attempt against Alkarama spokesperson in Yemen
March 23rd, 2011
Yemen: Scores killed, thousands injured in ongoing protests