Water pipe

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Water Pipes
Water pipes are a great addition to any glass pipe collection. Smoking a water
pipe contrasts with a regular smoking pipe in two major ways, first the water
pipe cools the smoke before it enters the lungs, allowing for larger pulls.
Second, a large amount of smoke is inhaled quickly as opposed to smaller,
more frequent "puffs" from a smoking pipe or cigarette. Water pipes vary
greatly in their shape, materials, colors, and sizes. Common materials for water
pipe construction include from acrylic, ceramic, or glass. Glass Bubbler, Side
Cars, Triple Chambers, Hammers, and Sherlock's are some the most common
water pipe variances on the market.
Many prefer using a water pipe because the cooling effect of the water helps to
reduce the chance of burning the mouth, airways, and lungs. The water can
trap some heavier particles and water-soluble molecules, preventing them from
entering the smoker's airways. This "filtration" makes water pipes less
damaging and healthier than many other smoking methods. It appears that
water filtration can be effective in removing components from smoke that are
known toxicants. The effectiveness of toxicant removal is related to the
smoke's water contact area. Specially designed water pipes, incorporating
particulate filters and gas dispersion frits would likely be most effective in this
regard; the gas dispersion frit serves to break up the smoke into very fine
bubbles, thereby increasing its water contact area. As the quality of water

degrades, so does the taste and smell of the w
ater pipe 's
smoke.
A water pipe may be constructed from any air- and water-tight vessel by
adding a bowl and stem apparatus (a slide). To use a water pipe, the base of
the water pipe is filled with water. Tobacco is then packed into the cone piece
(also known as the "bowl" or "bowl-piece") and ignited. The user places his/her
lips inside the mouthpiece, forming a seal, and inhales creating suction through
the pipe. This causes the flame to be drawn toward the bowl piece, igniting the
tobacco. Smoke, which is produced travels through a hollow tube that is
attached to the bottom of the bowl or slider. The smoke travels from the stem
through water or whatever liquid is preferred. The smoke rises through the
water in the form of bubbles, coming out cooled and filtered. At this point the
smoke fills the air chamber above the water. At the side or back of the water
pipe, above the water level, there is usually a small air hole called a
"carburetor". The user of the water pipe covers the "carb" with a finger until
enough desired smoke has collected, then uncovers and inhales the smoke (this
is called "clearing" the water pipe). Not all water pipes use a carb, however.
Many higher end models have a removable bowl piece which works the same as
a carb. These are usually known as "pull-stem" or "slide" in water pipes, and
many glass water pipes have glass-on-glass connections fitted to be used
together.
A stem or female piece is a component of a water pipe and sits in the base,
poking out of the chamber at a degree higher than the water level. It holds the
cone piece/bowl and enables smoke to pass through the water when in use.
The stem collects resin over time which can clog the stem, and reduce the air
flow through the water.
A bowl piece; sometimes called a cone piece, male piece or slider, is a
component of the water pipe and usually a removable cup or cone shaped
container. The male piece is where the tobacco is packed and ignited. In rare
occasions the slider is not removable. Non removable bowls will usually have a
carburetor hole. Made of metal, glass, or ceramic, a bowl can be joined to the
stem, or can just sit in the stem. The bowl forms a seal around the stem so that
the only inlet of air is through the bowl. Over time burnt residue will collect on
parts of the bowl.