Yorkshire Terrier

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Yorkshire Terrier
Origin and Purpose
The Yorkshire Terrier is one of the most glamorous and popular of the
toy breeds. It was originally bred in Yorkshire, England for the not-so-
glamorous job of keeping down the rats in the coal pits and cotton mills.
It was also used by the miners as a sporting terrier in rat-killing contests.
If this seems a far cry from the dainty, profusely coated dog of today’s
show ring, it should be remembered that this all took place in the mid-
19th century, when the Yorkie was bred to do the work of a terrier and
when it weighed in the area of 15 lb. (6.8 kg). The breed made a big hit
with the ladies and soon was in great demand as a pet.
General Appearance
That of a well-balanced long-coated toy terrier, readily identified by its
straight-flowing silky body coat of bright shiny lustrous steel blue and
clear-shaded golden tan. The hair is parted on the muzzle and from the
base of the skull to the end of the tail. The Yorkie is square and well
proportioned. The dog’s high head carriage and alert expression give the
appearance of self-confidence, a sparkling and vigorous manner.
The keenly alert air of the terrier is characteristic. He is intelligent,
friendly, and willing to please.
The weight not to exceed 7 lb. (3 kg).
Coat and Colour
Quality and texture of coat is of prime importance. The hair is glossy,
silky, and fine in texture reflecting a certain brilliance and feels cool to
the touch. The coat on the body hangs perfectly straight, not wavy,
showing the outline of the well-bodied Yorkie. On the mature dog, the
coat will eventually reach floor length. The fall on the head is long and
tied in the centre with one bow. The hair on the muzzle is moderately
long. Puppies are born black with tan markings showing a gradual
progression to the colour of the mature adult dog to which the following
colour requirements apply. Body Colour: The body coat is a bright steel
blue, not light silver and not BLACK, not mingled with fawn, bronzy or
black hairs. The blue extends over the body from the back of the neck
Canadian Kennel Club Official Breed Standards

to the root of the tail. Head, Chest and Legs: A clear golden tan deeper
in colour at sides of head, at ear roots! and on the muzzle,with ears a
deep golden tan. The golden tan hair is shaded from the roots down and
does not extend down the back of the neck, nor above the elbows on
forelegs or above the stifle on the hind legs.
Skull should be rather small and flat, not too prominent or round.
Muzzle not too long in proportion to skull, set on a 90 degree angle to
the head forming the stop. Nose jet black. Mouth either level or scissor
bite with strong sound teeth. Eyes oval, dark and sparkling, having a
sharp, intelligent expression, placed so as to look directly forward. They
should not be prominent and the eye rims should be dark in colour. Ears
small V-shaped, carried erect, set high on the head, with the hair trimmed
short on the tips.
Medium length, blending smoothly into the shoulders to create the
elegant head carriage.
Legs quite straight, elbows neither in nor out, pasterns strong and
straight with ideal shoulder angulation of 45 degrees. Feet are round with
black toenails. Dewclaws should be removed.
Topline must be level. The chest has a good spring of rib, oval in shape,
with gradual rounding toward the base with sufficient depth for the
elbows. The loin to be short and strong.
Sturdy, well-muscled hindquarters with proper angulation, sound stifles
and hocks turning neither in nor out. Feet are round with black toenails.
Dock to a medium length, with plenty of hair, darker blue in colour than
the rest of the body, especially at the end of the tail, carried higher than
the level of the back.
Smooth and flowing, moving in a straight line, with a free and easy stride.
January 2004

Excessive shyness; cottony or woolly texture coat; black body coat on a
mature dog; fawn or bronzy hair intermingled with blue; sooty or black
hairs intermingled with the golden tan of adult dogs; overshot or
undershot bite; rounded bat ears, cropped ears; roached back, sloping
Ears held erect by tying the hair into the topknot. Any adulteration in the
colour of the coat by artificial means.
Canadian Kennel Club Official Breed Standards